By Ane Howard
WASHINGTON(RushPRnews)10/17/08-NOAA recently announced that the Cook Inlet beluga whale population near Anchorage is in danger of extinction, rejecting arguments from Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin that these small, white whales were on their way to recovery, and has been listed as an endangered species.
Here’s what Palin said in August 2007:
â€œOur scientists feel confident that it would be unwarranted to list Cook Inlet belugas now,â€ Governor Palin said. â€œSeven years ago, NMFS determined that these whales werenâ€™t endangered, and since then, weâ€™ve actually seen the beginnings of an increase in their population. We are all doing everything we can to help protect these important marine mammals.â€
â€œI am especially concerned that an unnecessary federal listing and designation of critical habitat would do serious long-term damage to the vibrant economy of the Cook Inlet area,â€ Palin said. â€œHundreds of thousands of people who live in this area know that we are taking excellent care of the environment and habitat there. For example, annual salmon runs in recent years are higher than they were when the beluga population was larger, in the 1970s. This wouldnâ€™t be possible without effective conservation efforts.â€
â€œIn spite of protections already in place, Cook Inlet beluga whales are not recovering,â€ said James Balsiger in a press release, NOAA acting assistant administrator for NOAAâ€™s Fisheries Service.
Listing the Cook Inlet beluga whales means any federal agency that funds, authorizes, or carries out new projects or activities that may affect the whales in the area must first consult with NOAAâ€™s Fisheries Service to determine the potential effects on the whales. A federal action must not jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species.
In 2000, NOAA declared the Cook Inlet beluga population depleted under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. In response to a petition submitted by the Trustees for Alaska on April 20, 2006, the agency proposed on April 20, 2007, that Cook Inlet beluga whales be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The act requires a final determination by Oct. 20, 2008. This announcement is the result of NOAAâ€™s scientific review of the proposal to list Cook Inlet belugas.
The Cook Inlet beluga population declined nearly 50 percent between 1994 and 1998, based on annual scientific surveys. NOAA scientists estimated the Cook Inlet beluga population at 375 for both 2007 and 2008. Estimates have varied from a high of 653 belugas in 1994 to a low of 278 belugas in 2005.
Despite restrictions on Alaskan Native subsistence harvest of Cook Inlet belugas starting in 1999, the population is still not recovering. Between 1999 and 2006, Alaska Native hunters took a total of five Cook Inlet beluga whales for subsistence. No beluga whales were harvested in 2007 or 2008.
Cook Inlet belugas are one of five populations of belugas recognized within U.S. waters. The other beluga populations inhabit Bristol Bay, the eastern Bering Sea, the eastern Chukchi Sea, and the Beaufort Sea. Of the five stocks of beluga whales in Alaska, the Cook Inlet population is considered to be the most isolated, based on the degree of genetic differentiation and geographic distance between the Cook Inlet population and the four other beluga stocks.
The recovery of the Cook Inlet whales is potentially hindered by strandings; continued development within and along upper Cook Inlet and the cumulative effects on important beluga habitat; oil and gas exploration, development, and production; industrial activities that discharge or accidentally spill pollutants; disease; and predation by killer whales. The agency will identify habitat essential to the conservation of Cook Inlet belugas in a separate rulemaking within a year.
NOAA expects the final rule on this decision to be published in the Federal Register on Oct.22.
To read Governor Sarah Palin’s objections